Journal of the Bulgarian Geographical Society 48: 65-71, doi: 10.3897/jbgs.e105178
Experimental study of spatial and seasonal temperature characteristics of Jalingo metropolis
expand article infoPatrick Sunday Asa, Idris Shehu Umar, Ambrose Audu Zemba§
‡ Federal University Wukari, Wukari, Nigeria§ Modibbo adama University, Yola, Nigeria
Open Access
The paper presents the results of studying the spatial and seasonal atmospheric temperature characteristics of Jalingo metropolis, Nigeria, with the aim of assessing seasonal temperature variations for thermal comfort planning. Temperature data for this study was collected across the local climate zones, otherwise known as thermal climate zones (TCZ), following the TZC classification of the area. Temperature data was collected for 30 days continuously and simultaneously across the TCZ. The collection of temperature data was done in the months of April and August 2021, and January 2022 – representing the dry season, the rainy season and the Harmattan period respectively. A Thermochron Ibutton sensor by Maxim Incorporation was used to collect temperature data, while the specific series used was DS1921. An improvised automated weather station was constructed to house the sensor. The result of the study indicates that air temperature varies considerably within Jalingo metropolis, as well as throughout the seasons, thus affecting human thermal comfort in the study area, as temperature is found to correlate well with both human morbidity and mortality, especially regarding cardiovascular diseases. The paper recommends increasing ventilation and nature-based solution to reduce high temperatures through tree planting in order to improve human thermal comfort in Jalingo metropolis area.
air temperature, Thermochron Ibutton sensor, Thermal Climate Zones